Immunisations, also known as vaccinations are usually given by injection. Children in the UK are offered vaccinations against a variety of diseases as part of the Healthy Child Programme.
You can get advice on the vaccinations from your GP or Health Visitor. A record is kept in the Parent Held Child Health Record (Red Book), which is a book you keep containing information on your child's health.
Immunisations are mainly given during the first five years. It's important to have vaccinations at the right age to keep the risk of disease as low as possible. It is normal to worry about vaccinations, so don't hesitate to ask your Health Visitor or GP for advice - that's what they are there for! Childhood immunisations are free and most are given at your GP's surgery.
Some immunisations are given more than once to make sure the protection continues. This is known as a booster, so make sure your child gets it.
An annual nasal spray flu vaccine is available for all children aged 2 and 3 years old as part of the NHS Childhood Vaccination Programme. Ask your Health Visitor.
The whooping cough vaccine is now recommended for all women between 28 and 38 weeks pregnant. You should be offered this at your routine antenatal appointment.